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Floating Photovoltaic Module Temperature Operation Characteristics
W.C. Lawrence, C.-S. Won, D.-C. Kim, K.-W. Kim, B.-R. Kang, G.-H. Lee, O. Kwon, S. Lee
PV System, Floating System, Floating PV, PV Module
PV System Performance and Integration
Subtopic: Design and Operation of PV Systems
Event: 33rd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition
Session: 6BV.1.40
2304 - 2310
ISBN: 3-936338-47-7
Paper DOI: 10.4229/EUPVSEC20172017-6BV.1.40
0,00 EUR
Document(s): paper


There has been a rapid reduction in the $/Wp prices of photovoltaic (solar PV) energy recently, resulting in near exponential deployments with an annual capacity of 200 GW expected by 2020. Achieving high efficiency is necessary for many solar manufacturers to break even. In addition, new innovative installation methods are emerging to complement the improvement of system performance. The floating PV (FPV) solar market space has emerged over the past decade as a method for utilizing the cool ambient environment of the FPV system near the water surface to boost the power output performance of the PV module and ultimately the yield of the PV system. PV module temperature, which is the most critical factor affecting efficiency, ultimately governs the effective performance of solar cells, module, and all semiconductor materials in general. We propose the first ever electrical efficiency equations (, and , ) for an FPV module installed on water based on two new predictions of FPV temperature operation models ( and ), whose coefficients are derived from FPV site data with MATLAB. The theoretical prediction of module temperature shows respective errors of 2% and 4% when compared to the FPVM measured data.