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Title:
 
Hybrid PV-Systems for Electrification and Sector Coupling of Road Transport Sector in Norway
 
Author(s):
 
J. Fagerström, L. Kvalbein, J. Danebergs, T.U. Nærland, M.B. Øgaard, K. Espegren
 
Keywords:
 
Battery Storage and Control, PV System, Hydrogen, System Performance, Charging Station
 
Topic:
 
PV Applications, Integration and Storage
Subtopic: Energy System Integration
Event: 38th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition
Session: 6CO.11.4
 
Pages:
 
1350 - 1355
ISBN: 3-936338-78-7
Paper DOI: 10.4229/EUPVSEC20212021-6CO.11.4
 
Price:
 
 
0,00 EUR
 
Document(s): paper
 

Abstract/Summary:


Electrification of the road transport sector will likely include both battery-electric (BEV) and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). Sector coupling of energy carriers has been described as a route forward for efficient integration of renewable energy. The objective of this work was to determine the net present cost improvements with co-localization of charging and filling stations, i.e. sector coupling of electricity and hydrogen energy carriers, and how this would impact optimal sizing of the PV production and battery storage. A grid-connected co-localized charging/filling station situated north of Oslo, Norway, was modeled in Homer Pro and Homer Grid. PV energy generation profiles were modeled using PVsyst and a snow loss model. Demand data for BEV and FCEV was synthesized based on historical traffic data (year 2015-2019). The results show that the electrification of the road transport sector passing the point of selection requires about 53 MW peak electricity demand. Co-localization, i.e., sector coupling of BEV and FCEV, indicated a marginal cost-efficiency improvement of 0.4-1.1% and increased optimal PV capacity and reduced PV-power export.