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Electric Cars in Small Grid: A Possible Solution to Accomplish the Demand Curves in Tenerife Island
A. Linares, B. González-Diaz, J. Gómez-González, L. López-Manzanares, C. Montes, S. González-Pérez, R. Guerrero-Lemus, J. Rodríguez, M. Friend, M. Cendagorta
Demand-Side, Energy Performance
Subtopic: PV in the Electricity Markets
Event: 29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition
Session: 7AV.6.5
4005 - 4008
ISBN: 3-936338-34-5
Paper DOI: 10.4229/EUPVSEC20142014-7AV.6.5
0,00 EUR
Document(s): paper, poster


Canary Island is a Spanish archipelago located in front of the Morocco coast. Tenerife is the largest and most populous island of the seven Canary Islands, it is also the most populated island of Spain, with a land area of 2,034.38 square kilometers (785 sq mi) and 898,680 inhabitants (year 2012), 43 % of the total population of the Canary Islands. Tenerife is also the largest and most populous island of Macaronesia. However due to this weather and touristic facilities, over 7 million of tourists visit Tenerife every year. From the point of view of the electricity demand, Tenerife is isolated both from other Canary Island and the mainland and its diary peak demand is around 530MW. The installed technologies in the island are combined cycle, gas turbine, vapor turbine, diesel motors, wind power and photovoltaic power. During the valley hours, in the range of 1 a.m. to 6 a.m., the demand decrease until 300 MW. Due to the operation system, the production technologies cannot be disconnected during the night so the generation systems are not working in the maximum efficiency points. Despite this matter, the production costs during the night are lower than the maximum peak demand. In this work we analyze the generation costs in the island and the generation curve when electrical cars are connected during the valley hours to be recharged and reconnected during the peak hours to supply energy and stabilize the grid.