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Sector Coupling in Europe to Reach the Climate Change Mitigation Goals by 2050
M.-C. Leonhard, M. Kamberaj, H. te Heesen
Environmental Effect, Strategy, CO2, Modelling / Modeling, Footprint
PV Economics, Markets and Policies
Subtopic: PV-Related Policies, Strategies and Societal Issues
Event: 35th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition
Session: 7EP.1.2
2104 - 2108
ISBN: 3-936338-50-7
Paper DOI: 10.4229/35thEUPVSEC20182018-7EP.1.2
0,00 EUR
Document(s): paper


The 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference negotiated a global agreement on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Europe must transform its energy system from mainly fossil power plants to renewable ones in order to reach the climate change mitigation goals by 2050. In particular, wind turbines, photovoltaic systems and the use of biomass can contribute to fulfill the demand of residential, commercial and industrial consumers regarding electric power, heat and transportation. We have developed a simulation model to derive the energy production, exchange and demand in 39 European countries taking different scenarios of bioenergy potential usage into account. Annually, 31.7 GW/a of onshore wind turbines, 35.9 GW/a of offshore wind turbines and 100.2 GW/a photovoltaic systems (roof-top and ground-mounted) have to be installed to transform the European energy systems by 2050. The total installed power plant capacity must increase from 0.9 TW in 2017 to 5.7 TW in case of 40 percent usage of the biomass potential. Out model shows that the transformation process of the energy system in Europe must be accelerated significantly. Then, the climate change mitigation goals can be reached.